Nipah virus-related fatalities have once again been reported in Bangladesh, a country that has consistently reported outbreaks since 2001.
Nipah encephalitis is associated with a history of "panic" reporting with evidence of protective behaviors and public-initiated evacuation of affected communities in Bangladesh. Nipah outbreaks in Bangladesh are historically associated with very high disruption potential for involved communities in Bangladesh, up to and including temporary community disintegration. It is one of the few infectious diseases capable of generating true disaster conditions if containment is not achieved quickly.
The situation is assessed to be a crisis for the time being.